Develop Module Notes -- Global Editing Tools

Yellow Panels are available in Photoshop Elements - Camera Raw and in Photoshop - Camera Raw

LR-Histo

The Ultimate goal is to establish what is black, Mid-gray, white, and the color temperature of the source of the light.






Photo-Analysis (Interpreting the Histogram)

Note: .raw files will process different than .jpg files but they both have baselines and presets can apply to both, this was not the case for Process 2010.

Histogram Channel Clipping Indicators

Clipping: definition
In digital photography and digital video, clipping is a result of capturing or processing an image where the intensity in a certain area falls outside the minimum and maximum intensity which can be represented on a monitor or in print.

Highlight Clipping Warning in the histogram

  • Clipping warning Triangles (Indicators)
    • White (all channels R + B + G ) are clipping
    • An Red or Blue or Green triangle color indicates which channel is clipping the most...
    • Combinations of the colors indicate more than 1 channel is clipping
  • Colors at the graphs edges (limit = 0 or 255)...
    • if there is white: All three channels are clipping
    • Color indicates one or two channels are clipping...

Colors imply there is useable information in the clipped data (Picture data contains detail in one or two channels) and can be "recovered"

Note:
Process 2012 analyses the photo and will attempt to solve clipping issues for you...

The Histogram

  • Red, Green Blue show the R, G, and B channels
  • Yellow, cyan and magenta show intermediate channels
    • Green + Blue --->Cyan
    • Red + Green --->Yellow
    • Blue + Red --->Magenta
  • White is all 3 channels combined...Red, Green and Blue

The Tool Bar -- Local Editing

ToolBar The tools in this "Bar" allow you to do "local" edits! See the tab "Develop - Local Adjustments" for details about: Cropping, Spot Removal, Red Eye, Linear Gradients, Circular Gradients and the Adjustment Brush.


Global Editing

The Develop Module's -- Basic Panel

The Basic Panel is the same in the Camera Raw Module (plug-in) for Photoshop CS6/CC and PSElements

First turn on the Image Preview Clipping Warnings

Clippingwarn

Click inside the box, the color inside the box tells you the following

White in the box -All channels are clipping, color in the box which channel is clipping


Clipwarning

Red warning in the image:
Pixels clipped in the highlights

Blue warning in the image
Pixels Clipped in the blacks/shadows



Step 1 -Eliminate Clipping, Recover Data

Lightroom sets a baseline for all images and will attempt to eliminate the clipping for you. When you eliminate the clipping, you are actually recovering data captured by the sensor.

Goal -Set the White Balance

Most of the time setting white balance will eliminate "clipping"

Set the white balance, with the white Balance eye dropper. The whitest pixel should be (R=96%, G=96%, B=96%)
Then Eliminate Any Highlight clipping:

  • If the clipping is generated by non-reflective highlights
  • If the clipping is generated by reflection (specular) it probably contains no detail and there is no recovery possible.

Setting White Balance

White%20BalanceTo set White Balance


  • --always try to sample an area that is R=96%, G=96%, B=96%
  • Objectively: use the White Balance Eye Dropper Tool
  • Subjectively: use the slider...

The Tone Adjustment sliders

Exposure Slider

Note: When photographing you should ETTR: expose to the right
Note: In the Raw File (1/2 the captured data is in the brightest stop)

LightroomLR003

expposuresider
  • Establish overall image brightness in the mid-tones (watch Histogram)
  • each whole step +/- (1.0)is comparable to an f/stop
  • Can introduce highlight clipping, but adjustments roll off
  • An increase of 3/4 an f-stop WILL introduce noise in the shadows...
  • Hold down the Option (Mac) or the Alt (PC) while adjusting exposure shows a live preview of areas in the photo that are being clipped
  • If exposure is off by a stop or more set Exposure first, then set the white balance

Contrast Slider

  • Increasing the contrast lightens the highlights
  • Decreasing darkens shadows
  • Always increase contrast for low-contrast scenes
  • Always use less contrast for high-contrast scenes
  • Increasing contrast increases saturation

Highlights Slider

LightroomLR002

highlightsetc
  • Improves highlight detail
  • Minus adjustments does MORE highlight recovery
  • Plus adjustments lightens highlights, shouldn't introduce clipping

Shadow Slider

LightroomLR004

  • Improves dark image areas.
  • Moving the slider to the right lightens shadows
  • Plus values can recover shadow details.

Whites Slider

LightroomLR001

  • Fine-tunes white clipping. Minus is less plus is more.

Black Slider

LightroomLR005

  • Adjusts black clipping in the image.
  • Zoom into deep shadow areas and hold down the Option (Mac) Alt (PC) to see what's clipping

The Presence Controls

Presencebuttons>

Clarity Slider

  • Now 3 times stronger
  • Increases/decreases Mid-tone Contrast
  • Similar to unsharp masking can introduce white halos
  • The lens cleaning filter
  • Increase for landscapes
  • Decrease for Skin Tones
  • The "Punch" Filter

Vibrance

  • Increases saturation of less saturated colors
  • Ignores skin tones.

Saturation

  • A less brutal version of Photoshop's Hue/Saturation Adjustment.
  • Boosts over all saturation, and can cause colors to clip.
  • Fine tune saturation, hue, and luminance with the HSL/Grayscale Panel and the Targeted Adjustment Tool

The Tone Curves

Not available in Photoshop Elements (PSE)

The Parametric Curve

  • Simple and QUICK Fine Tuning for Contrast and Brightness
  • Use the Targeted Adjustment Tool!

The Point Curve

  • For detailed toning
  • USE TAT (Targeted Adjustment Tool), Camera Raw Point curves do NOT have a TAT Tool
  • An Aside In CR use the Command key Mac or Control Key PC, turns pointer into eyedropper on the canvas. A mouse click stamps a point on the curve.
  • Can add points by directly clicking on the curve
  • New in Lightroom 4/5 and CR 7 you can also modify colors in each color channel (R,G,B)
  • RGB Curves are very effective for removing color casts
  • Point curves do not affect the Parametric curves


Note:
The panel order in Lightroom is Basic, Tone Curve, HSL/Color/B&W, Split Toning, Then Detail...It's different in CR where Detail is next...


HSL / Color / B & W

Use the Targeted Adjustment Tool For:

Tat

  1. Hue
  2. Saturation
  3. Luminance


B & W

Use the Targeted Adjustment Tool For:

  • Grayscale Mix

bwThis is the place to make your black and whites

An Ansel Adams settings???

  • Red/Magenta Set high +100
  • Greens set lower -20
  • Blue Real low at -75
  • Suggested RBG values:
    R=+200, G=-20, B=-75

For more information and history about gray scaling your images check out this grayscale slide show.


Split Toning

not just for dark room chemical use...

SplitTonedAnd, not just for toning a Black & White image... Experiment!

Sometimes a photo just doesn't work as a color image...split toning can work wonders with the image!

Key Board shortcuts
Hold Down
Option Key (Mac) , Control Key (PC) for live preview of the hue when dragging the Hue slider.
Click in the Color Box (Lightroom only) pops up Lightroom's Color Picker.


Detail

Vastly improved in Process 2012, You no longer need to sharpen in Photoshop

Sharpening

There are 3 phases to sharpening

  1. Input or "Capture Sharpening"
    • Default amount for raw images is 25%
    • Default amount for jpg images is 0% (Zero)
  2. Creative Sharpening --Applied locally with The adjustment brush or a gradient in PSE via selection and masks. You can also do creative sharpening in Photoshop
  3. Output sharpening -- Just before printing to paper in Photoshop or Lightroom
  4. During Export of the image
  • Alt/Option key show RESULTS in the luminance channel for all sliders.
  • Use 100% magnification to observe the effects
  • Masking Slider
    • High setting for portraits
    • Low or No setting for Landscapes, architecture

Noise Reduction

  • Vastly improved, Photoshop and 3rd party programs may not be necessary
  • The 5th Sharpening Slider
    • the Luminance Noise Reduction slider
  • Color Detail, for really noisy high ISO or under exposed photos

Lens Correction

PERSPECTIVE

Tabs

  • Basic
    • Upright
  • Profile
  • Color
  • Manual

Basic

  • Switch on and off
    • Profile correction
    • Chromatic Aberration
    • Constrained Crop

Upright

Perspective corrections
To preserve existing Perspective and Crop Settings Hold down the Option/Alt key when choosing any upright correction.

Profiles

You can Make your own Lense profiles: Down load Adobe's lens Profiler

Color

  • For removing Chromatic Aberration
  • Green and Purple fringing

Manual

  • Manually correct perspective (Lens Transformations): with:
    distortion, straightening verticals, horizontals, rotating, scaling and changing aspect
  • Manual Lens Vignetting

Effects

  • Grain
  • Post Crop Vignetting

Camera Calibration

Process

Choose process 2012 for your Raw files. (However, you can revert to Process 2010, or 2003 if you have already processed older photographs.)

It is NOT necessary to convert all your photos to the latest process...

Camera Profile

Not available in PSE

LR Defaults to "Adobe Standard" based on the model of your Camera! LR & Camera Raw determines what camera was used by reading the metadata embedded in the photograph.

The Camera Profile for a .jpg (or Non-Raw) file is defaulted to "Embedded"

x-riteIf you profiled your camera, you can load the profile here...

To profile your camera, you'll need a Munsell (X-Rite) color chart and Adobe's DNG Profile Editor, The DNG Profile Editor is a software program designed and implemented by Adobe. Its purpose is to enable photographers to create camera profiles. The software is being offered as a free download to the photographic community. Page to Download DNG Profile Editor


Presets -- Left Panel

Also available In CR Photoshop CS6 & CC

Lightroom comes with installed presets. They are saved as, eg. .lrtemplate files and can be read in a text editor. This is the "Punch" preset as you can see it sets Clarity and Vibrance

s = {
	id = "A623DF04-B317-4386-9A18-01D2B489FAF8",
	internalName = "Punch",
	title = "Punch",
	type = "Develop",
	value = {
		settings = {
			Clarity = 50,
			Clarity2012 = 30,
			Vibrance = 25,
		},
		uuid = "DF9F7556-F9C1-11DB-A87E-000D93313A24",
	},
	version = 0,
}

The Zeroed preset sets every setting in the Develop panels to zero

presets

You can save ANY or ALL setting in the Develop Module as a preset.

You can find a boat-load of FREE presets on the internet

OnOne Software has many FREE Lightroom 4, and 5 presets for your use.


History & Snapshots

Lightroom records each edit in the History Panel

You can save the current edited state of an image as a snapshot the snapshots panel

In Lightroom when you export an image as a "smart object," the snapshot or snapshots, if you have created more than one, will travel with the raw file, and can be opened in Photoshop's Camera Raw.

Snapshots Panel --In Photoshop CC & CS6 CR

In Camera Raw you have to save each step to create a history of the changes you make as you edit your photos. But, you can save the "state" of the currently edited image as a snapshot.

Key Board Shortcuts

UNDO

Re-Do (Forward)

Reset

Tabbed panels (Right side of screen)
A double "left" Mouse button click on the slider buttons will reset the sliders to default values.

 

 

 

6-colors

 

 

In The Develop Module (In most cases) the up down arrow key increases/decreases the value of the slider by an increment of 1, add the shift key = increment is by 10's)

Alt/Option Edit Aid

The Revealing info windows

Alt key revealing window

Holding down the Alt or Option key while moving the following sliders gives live feedback about the changes being made.

The Basic Panel

Sharpening

Split Toning

Chromatic Aberration